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玉魄国魂 发表于 2017-3-16 13:34:20
青玉鹰攫人面珮.jpg
  高6.9厘米 宽4.7厘米

  质地为青玉,正面阴线雕兼镂雕正视站姿展翅,爪下连人面及最下面一兽面,用浅浮雕琢制而成。

  在文献记载和神话传说中,山东龙山文化应属鸟崇拜的氏族部落,此玉饰有可能是山东龙山文化先民借鹰的凶猛矫健之力来降服敌族,并作为图腾崇拜的“族徽”之用。此玉饰不仅是山东龙山文化的玉器珍品,也是山东东夷族鸟图腾崇拜的物证。

  Green jade pendant with eagle grasping a human face

  Longshan Neolithic culture (c.5,000-4,000 years ago)

  Height 6.9 cm, Width 4.7 cm

  Made of green jade, the front face of this pendant features an upright eagle with its wings outstretched in a combination of openwork and incised carving. The eagle’s claws are connected to a human face and there is an animal mask in the lowest portion of the image, both of which are in light relief carving.

  Textual records and mythology indicate that the clans of Longshan culture of Shandong worshipped birds. This jade ornament possibly imbued the early people of Shandong’s Longshan culture with the ferocious, vital strength of the eagle for use in vanquishing their enemies. It may also have been a clan insignia that formed a totemic focus for worship. This jade ornament is not simply a masterpiece of Jade ware from Shandong’s Longshan culture, it is also material evidence of the worship of bird totems by the Eastern Yi people. CAO PING
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